Amoxicillin (By mouth)

Introduction

Amoxicillin (a-mox-i-SIL-in)

Treats infections. This medicine is a penicillin antibiotic.

Brand Name(s)

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

Amoxil, Prevpac, Amoxicot, Trimox, Moxilin, Amoxil Pediatric, Moxatag

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used

You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to any type of penicillin.

How to Use This Medicine

Tablet, Capsule, Chewable Tablet, Liquid, Tablet for Suspension, Long Acting Tablet

  • Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
  • You may take this medicine with or without food.
  • The chewable tablet must be chewed before you swallow it. You may crush the tablet and mix the medicine with a small amount of food if that makes it easier to swallow.
  • Shake the oral liquid well just before each use. Measure the oral liquid medicine with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup.
  • You may mix the oral liquid with baby formula, milk, fruit juice, water, ginger ale, or another cold drink. Be sure the child drinks all of the mixture.
  • Place the tablet for suspension in a small drinking glass, and add two teaspoons of water to the glass. Do not use any other liquid. Use only water. Gently stir or swirl the water in the glass until the tablet is completely dissolved. Drink all of this mixture right away. To make sure you get all of the medicine, add some more water to the drinking glass, then drink all of this water, too.
  • Do not chew or swallow the tablet for suspension. The tablet will not dissolve in your mouth.
  • Keep using this medicine for the full treatment time, even if you feel better after the first few doses. Your infection may not clear up if you stop using the medicine too soon.

If a dose is missed:

  • If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine

  • Store the tablets,capsules, or tablets for suspension at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • Store the oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. Throw away any unused medicine after 14 days.
  • Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any leftover medicine after you have finished your treatment. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed..
  • Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin®), probenecid (Benemid®), or tetracyline. Tell your doctor if you use antibiotics such as azithromycin (Zithromax®), clarithromycin (Biaxin®), or erythromycin (E.E.S.®, Ery-Tab®, E-Mycin®). Your doctor should also know if you are using sulfa drugs such as Bactrim® or Septra®.

Warnings While Using This Medicine

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breast feeding. Tell your doctor if you have asthma, allergies, diabetes, liver disease, or a condition called PKU (phenylketonuria). Make sure your doctor knows if you have kidney disease, or if you are on dialysis. Tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to a cephalosporin antibiotic, such as cefaclor, cefadroxil, cephalexin, Ceftin®, or Keflex®.
  • If you have severe diarrhea, ask your doctor before taking any medicine to stop the diarrhea.
  • Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.
  • Your doctor will need to check your blood or urine at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
  • Blistering, peeling, red skin rash.
  • Dark-colored urine or pale stools.
  • Diarrhea that may contain blood.
  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in your upper stomach.
  • Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness.
  • Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Feeling restless, confused, anxious, agitated, or excited.
  • Headache.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Vaginal itching or discharge (fluids).

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Review Date: 2011-02-04 Reviewed By: Keywords: ,
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