Cefazolin Sodium (sef-A-zoe-lin SOE-dee-um), Dextrose (DEX-trose)
Treats serious infections caused by bacteria. Also prevents infection after surgery. This medicine is a cephalosporin antibiotic.
There may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
You should not use this medicine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to cefazolin or any other cephalosporin medicine such as cefaclor, cefadroxil, cephalexin, Ceftin®, Keflex®.
How to Use This Medicine
- Your doctor will prescribe your exact dose and tell you how often it should be given. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins.
- A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine.
- You may be taught how to give your medicine at home. Make sure you understand all instructions before giving yourself an injection. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
- If you are receiving IV medicine, check the bag to make sure there are no leaks. Also make sure the solution is clear.
If a dose is missed:
- This medicine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, call your doctor or pharmacist for instructions.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine
- If you store this medicine at home, keep it in the refrigerator. Do not freeze.You may take the medicine out of the refrigerator one hour before you use it. Keep it in a clean, dry place. This will allow the medicine to safely warm to room temperature.
- If you see particles in the solution, you should not use it.
- Throw away used needles in a hard, closed container that the needles cannot poke through. Keep this container away from children and pets.
- Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
- Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using probenecid (Benemid®), or blood thinners (Coumadin®).
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have liver disease, kidney disease, diabetes, or a history of colitis.
- Tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to other cephalosporins, or to penicillin.
- Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.
- If you have severe diarrhea, ask your doctor before taking any medicine to stop the diarrhea.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse, call your doctor.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blistering, peeling, skin rash.
- Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, and body aches.
- Dark-colored urine or pale stools.
- Diarrhea (loose, watery stools) that may contain blood.
- Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in your upper stomach.
- Swelling, pain, or redness in your skin where the IV needle is placed.
- Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness.
- Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Mild nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, or loss of appetite.
- Sores or white patches on your lips, mouth, or throat.
- Vaginal itching or discharge.