Buprenorphine (By mouth)

Introduction

Buprenorphine (bue-pre-NOR-feen)

Treats addiction to narcotic pain relievers.

Brand Name(s)

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

Subutex

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used

You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to buprenorphine.

How to Use This Medicine

Tablet

  • Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Your dose may need to be changed several times in order to find out what works best for you. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.

If a dose is missed:

  • This medicine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, call your doctor or pharmacist for instructions.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine

  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any leftover medicine after you have finished your treatment. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed.
  • Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using a sedative such as Valium® or Xanax®. Tell your doctor if you are also using an antibiotic such as erythromycin (E-Mycin®, Ery-Tab®), or medicine to treat a fungal infection such as ketoconazole (Nizoral®). Tell your doctor if you use medicine to treat HIV or AIDS, such as ritonavir, indinavir, saquinavir, Crixivan®, Invirase®, or Norvir®.
  • Tell your doctor if you are using any medicines that make you sleepy. These include sleeping pills, cold and allergy medicine, narcotic pain relievers, and sedatives.
  • Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine.

Warnings While Using This Medicine

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant. You should not breast feed while you are using this medicine.
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you have liver disease, lung disease, kidney disease, an underactive thyroid, or an adrenal gland problem. Tell your doctor if you have problems with urination, an enlarged prostate, or mental illness.
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you have ever had a head injury, brain tumor, or stroke.
  • This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Avoid driving, using machines, or doing anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert.
  • Make sure any doctor or medical professional who treats you know that you are using this medicine.
  • This medicine may be habit-forming. If you feel that the medicine is not working as well, do not use more than your prescribed dose. Call your doctor for instructions.
  • Do not stop using this medicine suddenly without asking your doctor. You may need to slowly decrease your dose before stopping it completely.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
  • Dark-colored urine or pale stools.
  • Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, and body aches.
  • Lightheadedness or fainting.
  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in your upper stomach.
  • Shallow breathing.
  • Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Headache, anxiety, or depression, or nervousness.
  • Increased sweating.
  • Mild stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or constipation.
  • Pain, weakness or tired feeling, or trouble sleeping.
  • Runny or stuffy nose.
  • Warmth or redness in your face, neck, or chest.

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Review Date: 2011-02-04 Reviewed By: Keywords: ,
Adam Data Copyright The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only--they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2010 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

For information 410.787.4000

© 2013 UM Baltimore Washington Medical Center.  All rights reserved.

301 Hospital Drive, Glen Burnie, MD 21061 | 410-787-4000 | TTY 410-787-4498